Modern Optics

Course Code: B23004H

Course Name: Modern Optics

Credits: 3.0

Level: Undergraduate   

Lecture Time: 30 sessions, 2 hours/session

Course Description

Form a systematic and clear physical image from aspects of basic theory, basic concepts and basic analysis method,at the same time combine its link with modern optics. Master the basic theory, basic concepts, basic analysis methods and basic experimental skills of optics in the category of general physics. Four class hours of experimental teaching enables students to master the basic experimental skills, and consolidate the theoretical knowledge through experiments. Through this course, students will have a deeper understanding of three main subjects of optics: the nature of light, the propagation of light and the interaction between light and matter.

Topics and Schedule

1.   Theoretical Foundations of Light (22 hrs)
    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Light optics: theory structure, theory application, matrix optics, variable refractive index optics, Jones matrix representation of polarization state of light wave, the transformation matrix of basic polarization device;

1.3 Wave optics: theory structure, theory application, scalar diffraction theory, diffraction optics, near axis optics, Gauss beam, singularity optics, interferometer and quantum logic gate, quantum computation optical information coding and information storage;

1.4 Electromagnetic optics: theory structure, theory application, ultrashort optical pulse;
    1.5 Quantum optics and photon optics: light source characteristics: The coherent characteristics of electromagnetic field; the statistical properties of light field, the first order correlation function, the Hanbury-Brown and Twiss (HBT) experiment and the higher order correlation function; the quantum correlation function, the coherent light field, photon beam and counter;

    1.6 Teaching experiment: adjust the optical axis; Gauss beam parameter measurement; physical demonstration of optical devices (Polarizer) and so on.

2.  Optical Transmission of Light in Medium (8 hrs)

2.1 Transmission of light in medium, the group velocity of light;

2.2 Anisotropic medium;

2.3 Left handed media;

2.4 Optical waveguide and optical fiber;

2.5 Optical pulse propagation in single mode optical fiber, optical soliton.

3.  Interaction of Light and Matter (10 hrs)

3.1 Interaction of light and atoms: interaction Hamiltonian, absorption and emission, scattering, electromagnetic induction effect;

3.2 Stimulated absorption and emission: Einstein coefficient, spectral line type, non-inverted light amplification;

3.3 Spontaneous emission: spontaneous emission of free atoms, spontaneous emission in cavity, cooperative spontaneous emission;

3.4 Photon momentum, radiation pressure and optical tweezers, laser cooling and trapping of atoms.

4.  Photon Control and Detection (8 hrs)

4.1 Physical effects of controlling photons (electro-light, acoustic-light, magnetic-light, light-light);

4.2 Light modulator;

4.3 Optical bistable and optical switch;

4.4 Detection of various physical effects of photons;

4.5 Noise in the detection process;

4.6 Photon counting principle;

4.7 Teaching experiment: the experimental demonstration of the optical modulator and photon counting.

5.  Photon Emission Source (4 hrs)

     5.1 Incoherent emission of photons;

     5.2 Coherent emission of photons, laser and its theory;

     5.3 Semiconductor laser;

     5.4 Microcavity laser.

6.  Nano Structure and its Optical Properties (8 hrs)

     6.1 Foundation of solid energy band theory;

6.2 Photon interaction with electrons and holes;

6.3 Semiconductor superlattice, quantum well and its optical properties;

6.4 Nano structure and application of photonics;

6.5 Summary: the key review of each chapter.


Homework 15%, Midterm test 35%, Final examination 50%.


B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich,Fundamentals of Photonics,John Wiley & Sons, Inc.(1991).


[1].The Quantum Theory of Light, theird Edition,Rudeny Loudon,Oxford University Press, 2000;
Chinese Version
The Quantum Theory of Lightauthor: R.LoudonTranslator: Liang Ding, Higher Education Press, 1992;
[2] Wolfgang Demtröder, Laser Spectroscopy: Basic Concepts and Instrumentation 4rd Edition
Spinger-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York
Chinese Version: Laser spectroscopy, [Germany] Wolfgang Demtröder, Translator: Yang Ji, Science Publishing Company, 2013.