Physical Chemistry II

Course Code: B32009H-01

Course Name: Physical Chemistry II

Credits: 2.0

Pre-requisite: Physical Chemistry I

Aims and requirements:

As its name implies,physical chemistry is a subject that studies the basic problems in the field of chemistry with physical means and methods. It is the theoretical basis of chemistry and other subjects that study the material change at the molecular level. Therefore, physical chemistry is one of the important core courses of the chemistry department during the undergraduate education. Physical chemistry is a science that explores and summarizes the basic rules and principles of chemical processes and chemical change from the connection between physical phenomenon and chemical phenomenon. As an important branch of chemistry, the main task of physical chemistry is to explore and solve scientific problems in the following three aspects:

  1. the direction and the limit of chemical change
  2. the rate and the basic problems of chemical reaction
  3. the relationship between material structure and properties

According to the current curriculum in our country, the basic physical chemistry mainly solves the former two scientific problems, the latter is solved by structural chemistry and quantum chemistry.

Physical chemistry II is based on Physical Chemistry I and mainly includes electrolyte solution, reversible cell electromotive force and its application, electrolysis and polarization, chemical kinetic basis (including chemical laser, catalytic kinetics), interfacial phenomenon, colloid and high polymer etc. The purpose of teaching is letting students understand the thinking method, connotation and extension, characteristics and application of physical chemistry etc. and understanding the behavior of ions in the solution and the generation of the electrochemical potential; Systematically studying the direction, rate, mechanism of chemical reaction and important chemical kinetic theory (such as collision and transition states) etc; Systematically studying interfacial phenomenon (such as tension, adsorption, monolayer), the properties of colloid and macromolecule solution system etc.

In the teaching process, this course will introduce the source of physical chemistry, the knowledge of related disciplines (especially the knowledge of Theoretical Physics), and the professional knowledge of Physical Chemistry. Students will understand the vertical and horizontal theoretical physical chemistry basis and their interrelationships. This course will also enhance students’ interest in various subjects’ knowledge that they have mastered or are about to learn, help students consciously associate the theory, knowledge and technology of various subjects, and lay a solid foundation for follow-up courses. This course focuses on the basic theory, basic concepts and classical methods in Physical Chemistry, and extends those contents to the application of the frontier domains of the physical chemistry researchto make students master the basic methods of analyzing and solving problems in physical chemistry.

Topics and Schedule   

The basic contents of each part are as follows:

Introduction   Physical Chemistry II

Chapter 8   Electrolyte Solution

  1.    Basic concepts of electrochemistry and the law of electrolysis;
  2.    Electrical mobility and transference number of ions;
  3.    Electrical conductivity of electrolyte solutions;
  4.    Mean activity and mean activity factor of electrolyte;
  5.    Theory of strong electrolyte solution.

Chapter 9   Reversible Cell Electromotive Force and Its Application

  1.    Reversible cell and reversible electrode;
  2.   Determination of electromotive force;
  3.    Thermodynamics of reversible cell;
  4.    Mechanism of the generation of electromotive force;
  5.    Electrode potential and electromotive force of the cell;
  6.    Application of electromotive force determination;
  7.    Internal and external potentials and electrochemical potentials.

Chapter 10   Electrolysis and Polarization

  1.    Decomposition voltage;
  2.    Polarization;
  3.    Competitive reaction on electrode in electrolysis;
  4.    Electrochemical corrosion, anticorrosion of metals, and deactivation of          metals;
  5.    Chemical power source;
  6.    Brief introduction of electro organic synthesis.

Chapter 11   Chemical Kinetic Basis I

  1.    The task and purpose of chemical kinetics;
  2.    Representation of chemical reaction rate;
  3.    Rate equation of chemical reaction;
  4.    Reactions of simple series;
  5.    Several typical complex reactions;
  6.    The principle of microscopic reversibility of elementary reactions;
  7.    Effect of temperature on reaction rate;
  8.    Activation energy;
  9.    Chain reaction;
  10.    A general method for the formulation of the reaction process.

Chapter 12   Chemical Kinetic Basis

  1.    Collision theory;
  2.    Transition state theory;
  3.    Single molecule reaction theory;
  4.    Brief introduction of molecular reaction dynamics;
  5.    Reactions in solution;
  6.    Several test methods for rapid reaction;
  7.    Photochemical reaction;
  8.    Brief introduction of Chemical laser;
  9.    Kinetics of catalytic reaction.

Chapter 13   Surface Physical Chemistry

  1.    Surface tension and surface free energy of Gibbs;
  2.    Additional pressure and steam pressure on the curved surface;
  3.    Surface adsorption of solution;
  4.    Properties of liquid-liquid interface;
  5.    Membrane;
  6.    Liquid-solid interface --wetting action;
  7.    Surface active agents and their effects;
  8.    Adsorption of solid surface;
  9.    Gas-solid surface catalytic reactions.

Chapter 14   Colloidal Dispersion System and Macromolecular Solution

  1.    Colloid and Basic properties of colloid;
  2.    Preparation and purification of sol;
  3.    Dynamic properties of sol;
  4.    Optical properties of sol;
  5.    Electrical properties of sol;
  6.    The double electrical layer theory and theζpotential;
  7.    Stability and coagulation of sol;
  8.    Emulsion;
  9.    Gel
  10.    Macromolecular solution;
  11.    Donnan equilibrium and osmotic pressure of polyelectrolyte solutions;
  12.    Brief introduction of rheology;


Fu Xiancai et al, Physical Chemistry(5th Edition),Higher Education Press,2005(, and Learning Guide)


[1]    Han Degang, Gao Zhidi, Gao Panliang et al, Physical Chemistry(2th Edition), Higher Education Press,2009

[2]    Atkins, Peter; de Paula, Julio, Atkins Physical Chemistry(7th Edition), Oxford University Press, 2014/3/20

[3]    Zhu Wentao et al, Physical Chemistry, Tsinghua University Press, 1995

[4]    Yin Yongjia et al,Briefer Course of Physical Chemistry(4h Edition), Higher Education Press, 2007