Fundamental of Materials science Ⅱ

Course Code: B52003H

Course Name: FundamentalofMaterialsscience

Credits: 3.0

Level: Undergraduate

Pre-requisite: College Physic, Physical Chemistry, General Chemistry, Chemical Thermodynamics, Advanced Mathematics

Lecture Time: 60 hours


Course Description

This is an important basic theory course of materials science and engineering; it is an important theoretical basis for the study of materials and the principles of the preparation and application of the students. This course is mainly to provide the basic knowledge of materials science for the study of professional courses, and lay a solid theoretical foundation for the further study of the professional courses, as well as the research and development of materials in the future.The goal of this course is to enable students to fully grasp the basic theory of materials science, understand the rules of the composition, structure, properties and processing of the materials,and understand and explain the various chemical, physical phenomena and properties of the material, from the point of view of the composition, structure, performance and processing technology of the materials. This course helps to understand the history of materials, materials science research object and content, as well as the purpose and significance of the study of this course and requirements.

Topics and Schedule

7       Amorphous materials and semi crystalline materials


Grasp the concept of amorphous materials and semi crystalline materials;Understanding the classification and main properties of polymers;Understanding the structure and properties of glass.

Main contents:

7.1      Chain structure and aggregation state structure of polymer.

7.2      Glass transition phenomenon and glass transition temperature, glass transition theory, the factors that affect the glass transition temperature.

7.3      High polymer crystallization ability, crystallization rate, factors affecting the crystallization rate.

7.4      Structure and properties of glassy polymers;The mechanical properties of the high elastic polymer, the characteristics of high elasticity, the dependence of the temperature on the rubber elasticity;The viscoelastic relaxation phenomena of polymers, the relationship between viscoelasticity and time and temperature.Concept and material properties of thermosetting and thermoplastic polymers.

7.5      The structure and properties of ionic glass, covalent glass and metallic glass, factors affecting glass forming ability.

Key and difficult points

The structural characteristics of polymer materials, the three state of polymer mechanics.

8       Solid-state phase transformation


Through the study of this chapter, students grasp the three basic changes (the changes of the crystal structure, the degree of order, chemical composition), master the diffusion type phase transition and the non- diffusion phase transition.

Main contents:

8.1      Characteristics of solid phase transformation

8.2      Nucleation of solid phase transformation

8.3      Nucleation and growth of solid phase transformation

8.4      Samples of diffusion type phase transition

8.5      Non diffusive phase transition

Key and difficult points

   Understanding of solid state phase transition types;Master the difference between bainite transformation, pearlite transformation and martensite transformation; Characteristics ofmartensitic transformation.

9       Introduction to Materials Chemistry


Through the study of this chapter, students master the basic theory of material chemistry, get familiar with the principle and technology of preparation of chemical materials, learn new materials and new technology, understand the trends of the field of materials chemistry, lay a good foundation for future work.

Main contents:

9.1      Physical and chemical basis such as chemical thermodynamics, chemical reaction kinetics, surface and Interface Science.

9.2      The basic principles of the preparation of materials chemistry include the introduction of material design method, the characteristics of various materials, the preparation principle of solid state reaction, the preparation principle of liquid phase, the gas phase deposition and mechanical alloying.

Key and difficult points

Basic theory of material chemistry, classification, principle and technology of materials preparation

10    Introduction of functional materials


Through the study of this chapter, students master the nature and application of biological materials, ecological environmental materials, energy materials, intelligent materials, bio inspired materials and composite materials,lay an important foundation for the study of the following courses and graduation design.

Main contents:

10.1   Bio-functional materials

10.2   Ecological environmental materials

10.3   Energy materials

10.4   Intelligent materials

10.5   Bionic materials

10.6   Composite material

Key and difficult points

Classification and characteristics of functional materials; Preparation and detection methods of functional materials; Research methods of functional materials and its application fields.

11    Recent advances and future trends in materials science and technology


Through the study of this chapter, students will understand the latest development of materials science and technology and the future development trend, understand the definition, characteristics, main preparation methods and potential applications of nano materials.

Main contents:

11.1   Introduction of the nano materials

11.2   Nanostructure

11.3   Physical and chemical properties of nano materials

11.4   Application of nano materials

Key and difficult points

Classification, preparation methods and unique properties of nano materials. Nano structure characteristics, application fields and basic principles of nano materials.

12    Characterization techniques of materials


Through the study of this chapter, the students can understand the basic principles and be able to preliminary analysis of the results of characterization.

Main contents:

12.1   Ultraviolet and infrared spectroscopy

12.2   X- ray diffraction technique

12.3   Transmission electron microscopy

12.4   X- ray photoelectron spectroscopy

12.5   Instrument features and sub test error analysis

Key and difficult points

Function, advantages and defects of characterization equipment.Basic principles and practical scope of equipment.


Pan Jinsheng etc. Foundation of Materials Science. tsinghua university press, 1998

William F. Smith, Javad Hashemi, Foundations of Materials Science and Engineering,Machinery Industry Press2010.


[1]   Shi Deke, material science foundation, mechanical industry press, 1999

[2]   Liu Zhien, foundation of materials science, Northwestern Polytechnical University press, 2000

[3]   Qin Shan, crystallography foundation, Peking University press, 2004